Real estate includes land and permanent improvements, such as buildings. It can be used for residential, commercial, or industrial purposes. People in the real estate industry make money by purchasing, selling, and developing properties. However, it is not just investors who profit from real estate. Every home buyer or seller has to consider numerous factors when making a purchase.

Before investing in real estate, it is important to learn how the business works. There are many different branches and facets to real estate, including development, construction, and property management. In the development phase, new buildings are created, and developers and contractors work with municipality officials and architects. Once these projects are complete, the properties can be sold or leased.

Investment properties are often purchased as an investment, resold, or rented out. Some investors choose to “flip” properties, which is a process of quickly reselling a property that has quickly appreciated in value. Many “flippers” profit from arbitrage or other factors that make it easier to sell a property for a higher price than what it originally cost.

There are two main types of real estate: commercial and residential. Commercial real estate is for businesses. It involves transactions for production, distribution, and retail space. Meanwhile, residential real estate is mostly for residential purposes.